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Plato's Ethics$
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Terence Irwin

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780195086454

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195086457.001.0001

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Republic IV: Justice and Happiness

Republic IV: Justice and Happiness

(p.244) 15 Republic IV: Justice and Happiness
Plato's Ethics

Terence Irwin (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The main purpose of this chapter is to provide a satisfactory account of Plato’s theory of justice. Firstly, a study of the role and the functions of the rational part of the soul are offered. Secondly, some crucial aspects of happiness are illustrated. These considerations are important to introduce the account on justice. Two kinds of justice are distinguished: psychic justice (P-justice) and common justice (C-justice). The former expresses the relation between the different parts of the soul, whereas the latter refers to the interaction among people. In conclusion, it is analysed why P-justice is self-regarding, while C-justice is other-regarding.

Keywords:   Happiness, Justice, Soul, Plato, Rational part, \i Republic

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