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Plato's Ethics$
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Terence Irwin

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780195086454

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195086457.001.0001

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Republic VIII–IX on Justice

Republic VIII–IX on Justice

(p.281) 17 Republic VIII–IX on Justice
Plato's Ethics

Terence Irwin (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter studies the later books of the Republic in order to see how the distinctions between the different kinds of justice, presented in previous chapter, work in the last part of the dialogue. To start with, it is demonstrated that deviant souls are “c-unjust,” while democratic souls are “p-unjust.” Then, the rational part of the soul is extensively analysed in order to explain why it is the more comprehensive. Finally, it is underlined that the just man is the one in whom prevails the rational soul, which is the only one able to provide a good balance to the all human beings.

Keywords:   Appetitive part, Plato, Democratic souls, Deviant souls, Division of the soul, Justice, Rational part, Republic, Spirited part

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