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Plato's Ethics$
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Terence Irwin

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780195086454

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195086457.001.0001

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Difficulties for Socrates

Difficulties for Socrates

Chapter:
(p.65) 5 Difficulties for Socrates
Source:
Plato's Ethics
Author(s):

Terence Irwin (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195086457.003.0005

The core of the fifth chapter is the study of the problems that appear to be involved in Socrates’ prospective. After a consideration of the difficulties that seem to emerge from Socrates’ instrumentalist approach to happiness, attention is devoted to the role played by the craft analogy. According to this analogy, virtue is similar to a craft since a knowledge of the means is necessary for a separate end. This doctrine is illustrated making reference to Aristotle because, although used by Socrates, the craft analogy is never defined in the dialogues.

Keywords:   Aristotle, Craft analogy, Ends, Plato, Good, Happiness, Instrumentalism, Socrates, Virtue

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