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Plato's Ethics$
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Terence Irwin

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780195086454

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195086457.001.0001

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Implications of The Gorgias

Implications of The Gorgias

Chapter:
(p.111) 8 Implications of The Gorgias
Source:
Plato's Ethics
Author(s):

Terence Irwin (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195086457.003.0008

Chapter 8 contains a detailed discussion of the consequences that may be inferred by the doctrines discussed in the Gorgias. The position of the Gorgias recalls that of the Protagoras. Then, it is claimed that, although the Gorgias tries to refute the earlier dialogue’s hedonist view, Plato nevertheless still holds that happiness is the state in which all desires are fulfilled. Consequently, virtues are considered valuable only because they are means to attain a further end. Finally, it may be suggested that the Gorgias makes a sort of transition from the early dialogues to the mature position of the Republic.

Keywords:   Desires, Plato, Gorgias, Happiness, Hedonism, Pleasure, Virtues, Wisdom

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