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The Inner KalacakratantraA Buddhist Tantric View of the Individual$
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Vesna A. Wallace

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195122114

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195122119.001.0001

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The Cosmic Body

The Cosmic Body

(p.56) 5 The Cosmic Body
The Inner Kalacakratantra

Vesna A. Wallace (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The Kālacakratantra's cosmology is structured on several theoretical models. In its interpretation of the conventional nature of the cosmos, the Kālacakratantra combines to some degree the Vaibhāṣika atomic theory, the Sāṃkhya model of the twenty‐five principles of the puruṣa, and prakṛti, and Jaina and Purāṇic cosmographies, with its own measurements of the cosmos (loka‐dhātu) and its own theories of the nature of the cosmos and its relation to the individual. The Kālacakra tradition intentionally uses this form of syncretism in order to provide a useful theoretical model of the Buddhist tantric view of the cosmos that will accord with its interpretation of the individual and with its model of practice. The different sections of the chapter look at different aspects of the cosmos in relation to the individual; these include the origination and dissolution of the cosmos, the configuration and measurements of the cosmos, the three realms of cyclic existence, the wheel of time, and time in the cosmos.

Keywords:   Buddhist tantric cosmology, cosmology, cosmos, cosmos and the individual, Jaina cosmography, Kālacakra tradition, Kālacakratantra, prakṛti, Purāṇic cosmography, puruṣa, syncretism, Vaibhāṣika atomic theory

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