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Mobilizing for PeaceConflict Resolution in Northern Ireland, South Africa, and Israel/Palestine$
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Benjamin Gidron, Stanley N. Katz, and Yeheskel Hasenfeld

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195125924

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195125924.001.0001

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Theory and Methodology

Theory and Methodology

(p.14) 2 Theory and Methodology
Mobilizing for Peace

Benjamin Gidron

Stanley N. Katz (Contributor Webpage)

Yeheskel Hasenfeld (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This study investigated peace and conflict‐resolution organizations (P/CROs) in three protracted conflicts in South Africa, Northern Ireland, and Israel/Palestine. P/CROs are citizen‐initiated voluntary organizations that promote peace, reconciliation, and coexistence between parties to their conflicts, and the mutual recognition of the rights of each side. Comparative research on P/CROs faces theoretical and methodological challenges. They can be analyzed as elements of civil society, as social movement organizations, and as organizations focused on the resolution of conflict. P/CROs activities include service delivery, advocacy, dialog promotion, and consciousness raising. The study examined P/CRO characteristics such as membership, ideology, structure, financial and human resources, relations with other organizations, risks encountered, and impact on the conflict. Study methodology was evolutionary and iterative, and involved a three‐phase selection procedure, research by local teams, and oversight by an international advisory board.

Keywords:   comparative research, Israel/Palestine, Northern Ireland, P/CRO activities, peace and conflict‐resolution organizations (P/CROs), protracted conflicts, South Africa, study methodology, theoretical and methodological difficulties

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