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The Making of Sikh Scripture$
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Gurinder Singh Mann

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195130249

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195130243.001.0001

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Sikhs and Their Scripture

Sikhs and Their Scripture

(p.3) 1 Sikhs and Their Scripture
The Making of Sikh Scripture

Gurinder Singh Mann

Oxford University Press

The historical background to the Sikh religion is outlined, and an account given of the Adi Granth (“original book”) – the primary Sikh scripture, which is considered to be the highest authority within the community, and plays a central role in Sikh devotional and ritual life. It consists of about 3,000 hymns of carefully recorded authorship with over 2,400 hymns written by the 6 Sikh gurus who lived in the Punjab between 1469 and 1675. The text of the Adi Granth is divided into three main parts: the opening section is liturgical and includes three daily prayers; the Japji (meditation) has 38 stanzas and 2 couplets; the Rahiras (supplication) has 9 hymns; and the Sohila (praise) has 5 hymns. Next, there is an account of the early Sikh community, which also discusses the origin and expansion of the scriptural text. The chapter ends with a plan of the book.

Keywords:   Adi Granth, ancient texts, history, Punjab, religious history, Sikhism

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