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The Philosophy of the Young KantThe Precritical Project$
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Martin Schönfeld

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780195132182

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0195132181.001.0001

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n i n e The Newtonian Program of thePrize Essay and Kant's Crisis The Struggle for Freedom

n i n e The Newtonian Program of thePrize Essay and Kant's Crisis The Struggle for Freedom

(p.209) N I N E
The Philosophy of the Young Kant

Martin Schöneld

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the aftermath of Only Possible Argument and the Prize Essay (1764). Section 1 examines the curious preface of Kant’s third book, the exchange with Mendelssohn, and Kant’s growing metaphysical misgivings. Section 2 describes how Kant first arrives at the problem of the possibility of metaphysics and its initial analytic solution. Section 3 discusses Kant’s proposed methodology, its inspiration by Newton and Euler, and its relation to Spinoza’s geometric method and Tschirnhaus’s experimental method. Section 4 examines Kant’s conception of intuitive certainty of conceptual truth, the role of Crusius, and the exchange with Lambert.

Keywords:   Only Possible Argument, Prize Essay, Mendelssohn, Euler, Newton, Tschirnhaus, Crusius, Lambert, methodology, metaphysics

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