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Jains in the WorldReligious Values and Ideology in India$
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John E. Cort

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195132342

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195132343.001.0001

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The Ideology of the Path to Liberation

The Ideology of the Path to Liberation

(p.16) 1 The Ideology of the Path to Liberation
Jains in the World

John E. Cort (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Outlines the normative Jain ideology of the path to liberation from suffering and rebirth. This path is described as consisting of correct faith, correct knowledge, and correct conduct: faith in, knowledge of, and conduct according to the nine tattvas or ”verities” of Jain metaphysics. Normative conduct also revolves around the person taking the twelve vows (vrata) of a Jain layperson and then the five great vows (mahavrata) of a world‐renouncing mendicant, who then shapes his or her daily conduct around six obligatory ritual actions (avasyaka). Correct faith also involves confidence in the truth of the Jain teachings as demonstrated in the lives of those liberated souls (both the Tirthankaras or Jinas, who after enlightenment teach the Jain truths to the world, and the siddhas, all other enlightened and liberated souls) that constitute a Jain definition of ”God.”

Keywords:   avasyaka, correct conduct, correct faith, correct knowledge, God, Jina, liberation, renunciation, tattva, Tirthankara

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