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Jains in the WorldReligious Values and Ideology in India$
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John E. Cort

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195132342

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195132343.001.0001

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Jains and Jainism in Patan

Jains and Jainism in Patan

(p.31) 2 Jains and Jainism in Patan
Jains in the World

John E. Cort (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Gives a historical overview of Jainism in Gujarat, and in particular in the city of Patan, which was the medieval capital of the Caulukya dynasty. For the Jains, the most important king of this dynasty was the twelfth‐century Kumarapala, who was profoundly influenced both in his personal spirituality and in his royal policy by the Jain monk Acarya Hemacandra. The chapter also details the organizational structures of the Jain community. These include the mendicant lineages (gaccha), of which the Tapa Gaccha for several centuries has been dominant in Patan and Gujarat, and the lay congregations (sangha). The chapter concludes with a discussion of Jain castes in Patan.

Keywords:   caste, Caulukya, gaccha, Hemacandra, Patan, Kumarapala, mendicant lineages, monk, Tapa Gaccha, sangha

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