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King Josiah of JudahThe Lost Messiah of Israel$
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Marvin A. Sweeney

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195133240

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195133242.001.0001

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(p.315) Conclusion
King Josiah of Judah

Marvin A. Sweeney (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter summarizes the primary conclusions of the book and points to the implications of this study. There is considerable evidence that the Deuteronomistic History was originally written in the reign of King Hezekiah to support his attempt to reunite Israel and Judah under Davidic rule, that it was reworked and expanded during the reign of Josiah to support his program of religious reform and national restoration, and that it was reworked and expanded once again to account for the Babylonian exile. Prophetic literature was heavily influenced by Josiah's reform, viz., Zephaniah and Nahum were written to support the reform; Isaiah, Hosea, Amos, and Micah were edited to support the reform; Jeremiah originally supported the reform but reworked his oracles in the aftermath of Josiah's death; and Habakkuk addressed the problem of theodicy following Josiah's death. The image of the righteous Josiah continued to have an impact on Judean thinking and literature insofar as it informed portrayals of postexilic restoration of Israel/Judah under the rule of a righteous Davidic monarch.

Keywords:   Babylonian exile, Davidic monarch, Davidic rule, Deuteronomistic History, Deuteronomy, Hezekiah, Josiah, Josiah's reform, prophetic literature

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