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King Josiah of JudahThe Lost Messiah of Israel$
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Marvin A. Sweeney

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195133240

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195133242.001.0001

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The Regnal Evaluation of Manasseh in 2 Kings 21:1–18

The Regnal Evaluation of Manasseh in 2 Kings 21:1–18

(p.52) 3 The Regnal Evaluation of Manasseh in 2 Kings 21:1–18
King Josiah of Judah

Marvin A. Sweeney (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The present form of 2 Kings 21 in the Deuteronomistic History clearly blames King Manasseh of Judah for the Babylonian exile, insofar as it states that YHWH decided to destroy Jerusalem and the Temple because of his great sins. Prior scholarship contends that this chapter has been redactionally reworked to point to the exile, but has been unable to provide a coherent redaction‐critical analysis of the chapter to support this claim. An analysis of YHWH statements concerning Manasseh points to an interest in settling Israel securely in the land if the people would observe Mosaic Torah. This indicates that the oracle may have originally functioned as Huldah's promise of security to Josiah, but that it has been reworked and placed in its present position to justify the Babylonian exile.

Keywords:   2 Kings, Babylonian exile, Huldah, Jerusalem, Manasseh, Mosaic Torah, Temple, YHWH

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