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King Josiah of JudahThe Lost Messiah of Israel$
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Marvin A. Sweeney

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195133240

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195133242.001.0001

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The Critique of Solomon in 1 Kings 1–11 and 2 Samuel 9/11–24

The Critique of Solomon in 1 Kings 1–11 and 2 Samuel 9/11–24

(p.93) 6 The Critique of Solomon in 1 Kings 1–11 and 2 Samuel 9/11–24
King Josiah of Judah

Marvin A. Sweeney (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Biblical scholarship has struggled with the two‐fold portrayal of Solomon in 1 Kings 1–11, viz., on the one hand, he is lauded for his wisdom and role as builder of the Jerusalem Temple, but on the other hand, he is condemned for his love of foreign women, who led him to idolatry. Scholars are also perplexed by the so‐called Succession Narrative or Court History in 2 Samuel 9/11–24, which portrays David's adulterous affair with Solomon's mother, Bath Sheba, and the deaths of his older sons. An analysis of this material contends that an earlier Hezekian portrayal of Solomon lauded him as a righteous Davidic monarch, but that the Josianic edition of the DtrH emphasized his marriage to foreign women as the cause of his idolatry, which Josiah had to correct. The portrayal of David's adulterous affair with Bath Sheba and the murder of her husband Uriah indicates that Solomon follows in the footsteps of his father in his love for women and his penchant for spilling the blood of his enemies. Altogether, this critical portrayal of both David and Solomon serves the interests of the Josianic edition of the DtrH by portraying Josiah as the true righteous monarch of the house of David.

Keywords:   1 Kings, 2 Samuel, Bath Sheba, Court History, David, Solomon, Succession Narrative, Uriah

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