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What Did Jesus Mean?Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts$
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Anna Wierzbicka

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195137330

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195137337.001.0001

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The Beatitudes

The Beatitudes

(p.27) Two The Beatitudes
What Did Jesus Mean?

Anna Wierzbicka (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on those Beatitudes widely regarded as “authentic,” that is, as representing Jesus’ “ipsissima verba,” and stresses their importance as the heart of Jesus’ preaching. It discusses the meaning of the Greek expressions underlying the English “poor (in spirit),” “the hungry,” “those who mourn (weep),” and “the meek,” and explains the sense of the relevant Beatitudes in simple and universal human concepts. For example, the sense of the beatitude of “the weeping (mourning)” is represented (partially) as follows: “sometimes very bad things happen to people; because these things happen, these people feel something very bad; God knows about this; God will do good things for these people because of this; these people will feel something very good because of this”

Keywords:   authenticity (“ipsissima verba”), importance of the Beatitudes, meaning of the key Greek expressions, universal human concepts

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