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Some Wild VisionsAutobiographies by Female Itinerant Evangelists in Nineteenth-Century America$
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Elizabeth Elkin Grammer

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195139617

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195139615.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 January 2021

Feverish Restlessness and Mighty Movement

Feverish Restlessness and Mighty Movement

Female Evangelists in the Marketplace of Salvation

(p.57) 2 Feverish Restlessness and Mighty Movement
Some Wild Visions

Elizabeth Elkin Grammer (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The seven female itinerant preachers in this study made good literary use of nineteenth‐century American culture's idealization of productivity and competitive individualism, and its belief in quantification as a reliable measure of success. They present themselves in their autobiographies as fantastically productive—and extraordinarily successful—spiritual capitalists, minimizing the details of their conversion experiences to make room in their books, as did many Protestant evangelists, for their work. These “female strangers” write “masculine” stories of productivity and competitive individualism in part because they participated in—as did Protestantism, evangelicalism, and revivalism generally—an increasingly commercial world in which religion had to sell itself to consumers. They did so also as part of their campaign to understand, define, and advertise themselves (and female preaching itself) in a marketplace in which they faced considerable opposition. They resort to quantification (of miles traveled, hours worked, and converts gained) to measure, almost literally, the unorthodox life.

Keywords:   individualism, conversion, converts, Protestantism, capitalists, autobiographies, evangelicalism, female itinerant preachers, productivity, marketplace

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