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Rescue for the DeadThe Posthumous Salvation of Non-Christians in Early Christianity$
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Jeffrey A. Trumbower

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195140996

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195140990.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 December 2021

The New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature

The New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature

(p.33) 2 The New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature
Rescue for the Dead

Jeffrey A. Trumbower (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Chapter two scours the New Testament and other Christian literature, of roughly the same era, for passages in which there is a discussion of the possibility of salvation after death. Luke's parable of the rich man and Lazarus (Luke 16:19–31) appears to cut off the possibility, while several comments in Paul and 1 Peter seem to indicate that there might be hope for salvation beyond the grave. Statements in Paul's letters have been interpreted to justify vicarious baptism for the dead (practiced by later Marcionites), and universal salvation. The chapter ends with a discussion of two key texts that envision a scene of the final judgment in which the Christian saints are given the opportunity to rescue selected sinners from hell: the Apocalypse of Peter and the Sibylline Oracles.

Keywords:   1 Peter, Apocalypse of Peter, baptism for the dead, final judgment, Luke, Marcionites, New Testament, Paul, Sibylline Oracles, universal salvation

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