The notion of affective engineering – the attempt to engineer affective systems – is introduced. Shallow affective engineering is defined as the recreation of outward signs or single features of affects; deep affective engineering is the attempt to create affects in artificial systems. The important role of affects in autonomous biological systems shows that AI should pursue deep affective engineering as a strategy to understand and recreate such systems. Our best understanding of emotion suggests other insights into AI, including a special focus on action, parallel processing, and diverse valuations.
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