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Partners for DemocracyCrafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur$
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Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195151169

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/019515116X.001.0001

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“Grave Danger”: The Allies Challenge MacArthur

“Grave Danger”: The Allies Challenge MacArthur

(p.142) 9 “Grave Danger”: The Allies Challenge MacArthur
Partners for Democracy

Ray A. Moore

Donald L. Robinson (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Analyzes The Far Eastern Commission's objection to MacArthur's arbitrary approval of the March 6 draft and his plan to elect a new Diet in April to approve it. The FEC challenge threatened MacArthur's intricate plot to preserve the imperial institution in Japan's new constitutional order. The Army's Chief of Staff, Dwight Eisenhower, and the State Department defended MacArthur, contending that his actions were consistent with the Moscow Agreement of December 26, 1945, because the draft was the product of a process initiated by the Japanese government in the fall of 1945. The FEC continued to spar with MacArthur during the summer of 1946 and eventually persuaded him to order minor amendments to the draft.

Keywords:   April 1946 election, Dwight Eisenhower, Far Eastern Commission, Douglas MacArthur, March 6 draft, Moscow Agreement, State Department

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