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Partners for DemocracyCrafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur$
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Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195151169

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/019515116X.001.0001

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“Fervent Hopes”: Pacifism and Human Rights

“Fervent Hopes”: Pacifism and Human Rights

(p.211) 14 “Fervent Hopes”: Pacifism and Human Rights
Partners for Democracy

Ray A. Moore

Donald L. Robinson (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Recounts the intense debate in the revision committee over Article 9, renouncing war and armed forces, and the contents of the bill of rights (Chapter III). The chapter reveals sharp quarrels between Chairman Ashida Hitoshi and representatives of the left about viewing the Weimar Constitution as a model for Japan's new democracy. It sets forth the debate over human rights: what would be the status of religion under the new constitutional structure? Would Japan's traditional family structure survive in the new emphasis on the rights of individuals? A notable speech by a newly elected female member, Katō Shizue, and rejoinders by Kimura Tokutarō and Tanaka Kōtarō, ministers of justice and education, respectively, explored these questions.

Keywords:   Ashida Hitoshi, human rights, Tanaka Kōtarō, pacifism (Article 9), religion, Yoshida Shigeru, Katō Shizue, Kimura Tokutarō, Weimar Constitution, women and the family

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