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Partners for DemocracyCrafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur$
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Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195151169

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/019515116X.001.0001

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“Broaden and Deepen the Debate”: Fifty Years Without Revision

“Broaden and Deepen the Debate”: Fifty Years Without Revision

(p.317) 21 “Broaden and Deepen the Debate”: Fifty Years Without Revision
Partners for Democracy

Ray A. Moore

Donald L. Robinson (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Surveys proposals for amending the 1947 Constitution. With the end of the Occupation in 1952, critics were free to propose amendments to the constitution. In its hearings, the Commission on the Constitution (1956‐1964) produced a host of arguments in favor of revision, but the conservative parties have never had the two‐thirds majority in the Diet required to pass an amendment. The 1991 Gulf War again stirred debate on the antiwar clause (Article 9) and stimulated a national debate on revision. In 1999, both houses of the Diet established commissions on the constitution and two years later, in May 2001, announced that public hearings would begin.

Keywords:   arguments in favor of revision, Commission on the Constitution, commissions to study the constitution, critics of the constitution, proposed amendments, the Diet, The Gulf War (1991), two‐thirds majority

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