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Partners for DemocracyCrafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur$
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Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195151169

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/019515116X.001.0001

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“A Liberal and Enlightened Constitution”: The Scap Model

“A Liberal and Enlightened Constitution”: The Scap Model

(p.93) 6 “A Liberal and Enlightened Constitution”: The Scap Model
Partners for Democracy

Ray A. Moore

Donald L. Robinson (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Shows how General MacArthur, early in February 1946, seized on a “scoop” by the newspaper Mainichi that convinced him that the Japanese cabinet was making little headway toward revising the Constitution. It recounts how a small group of officers at Government Section, under the leadership of General Whitney, Colonel Kades and Commander Hussey, drafted a model constitution for Japan in a week's time. Built on the parliamentary model, it placed sovereignty in the people, kept the emperor as a “symbol” of the nation, banned war and armed forces, and set forth a new bill of rights. The chapter concludes with the dramatic presentation of the draft to stunned representatives of the Japanese cabinet on Wednesday, February 13.

Keywords:   bill of rights, emperor as symbol Courtney Whitney, A. Rodman Hussey, Charles Kades, parliamentary model, revised constitution, the Mainichi scoop the SCAP model

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