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Liberty and ConscienceA Documentary History of Conscientious Objectors in America through the Civil War$
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Peter Brock

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195151220

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195151224.001.0001

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Civil War America

Civil War America

(p.113) VI Civil War America
Liberty and Conscience
Peter Brock
Oxford University Press

Thirteen documents are presented, with an introductory text, illustrating the experiences of conscientious objectors in America in the Civil War. This war presented many pacifists, especially in the North, with an agonizing dilemma. An outline is given of provision made for conscientious objectors on both the Confederate and Unionist sides. The accounts cover: dilemmas over draft‐age sons (1862); William Lloyd Garrison and his son's exemption from military drill at school (1864); conscript dilemmas (1863); draft experiences of a conscripted Shaker (1863); the civil war diary of a Quaker conscript (1863); trials of a Quaker conscientious objector in the Confederate army (1863); a reluctant conscientious objector (1863 onwards); a consistent war‐tax objector (1861); a Mennonite farmer hires a substitute (1864); Brethren and Mennonites as exiles from the Confederate draft (1862); Adventists confront the draft (1863); the case of Benjamin Franklin (1862); and Christadelphians and the draft (1864).

Keywords:   Adventists, America, Brethren, Christadelphians, Civil War, Confederates, conscientious objectors, conscription, conscripts, draft, William Lloyd Garrison, history, Mennonites, pacifists, Quakers, Shakers, Unionists, USA, war tax

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