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Environmental Justice – Creating Equity, Reclaiming Democracy - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Environmental Justice: Creating Equity, Reclaiming Democracy

Kristin Shrader-Frechette


Environmental problems do not affect everyone equally. Environmental injustice occurs whenever innocent people bear disproportionate environmental risks, have unequal access to goods like clean air, or have unequal voice in imposition of environmental risks. Most minorities and poor people are victims of environmental injustice, either because of their increased health risks or because of the way their rights are limited, even in a democracy. 40,000 people die each year from pesticides that are mostly manufactured in the U.S., but banned in the U.S.and used abroad. And even in the U.S., 80 % o ... More

Keywords: applied philosophy, citizenship, democracy, developing nations, ecology, environment, environmental philosophy, equality, future generations, indigenous people, informed consent, justice, paternalism, political philosophy, responsibility, risk

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2002 Print ISBN-13: 9780195152036
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003 DOI:10.1093/0195152034.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Kristin Shrader-Frechette, author
University of Notre Dame
Author Webpage