Using case studies focusing on native Americans, Latinos, and developing nations, the chapter analyzes the concepts of biocentrism and environmental justice. It also gives examples of how environmental injustice violates rights to equal treatment and informed consent, and traces the history of the environmental‐justice movement. It shows that, throughout the world, poor people and minorities consistently bear disproportionate environmental risks. These risks harm those least able to bear such health burdens, like children, and are a major threat to genuine democracy. After examining and responding to the two main excuses (or justifications) for environmental injustice, the chapter closes with an outline of each chapter of the book.
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