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Environmental JusticeCreating Equity, Reclaiming Democracy$
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Kristin Shrader-Frechette

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195152036

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195152034.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 January 2021

Appalachians, Access to Land, and Procedural Justice

Appalachians, Access to Land, and Procedural Justice

(p.49) 3 Appalachians, Access to Land, and Procedural Justice
Environmental Justice

Kristin Shrader‐Frechette

Oxford University Press

Using case studies focusing on Appalachian coal and California farmland, the chapter argues that ordinary people typically have unequal access to natural resources like land. A major reason for this unequal access is the power of agribusiness and the corporate control of coal and other resources. It also shows that Appalachia is, in many ways, a region victimized by colonialism, even though it is within the U.S. Analyzing the concepts of end‐state justice and procedural justice, it shows that the arguments of Nozick, often used to justify environmental injustice in cases like Appalachia, are flawed. It also argues that a correct understanding of property rights, as explained in John Locke and John Rawls, can support this chapter's appeal for equal access to natural resources.

Keywords:   agribusiness, Appalachian coal, California, coal, colonialism, environmental justice, equality, farmland, indigenous people, informed consent, justice, Locke, natural resources, Nozick, procedural justice, property rights, Rawls

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