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Environmental JusticeCreating Equity, Reclaiming Democracy$
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Kristin Shrader-Frechette

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195152036

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195152034.001.0001

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Developing Nations, Equal Protection, and the Limits of Moral Heroism

Developing Nations, Equal Protection, and the Limits of Moral Heroism

(p.163) 8 Developing Nations, Equal Protection, and the Limits of Moral Heroism
Environmental Justice

Kristin Shrader‐Frechette

Oxford University Press

Using case studies focusing on how developed nations impose environmental risks on developing countries, the chapter reveals how the U.S. and other nations ship banned pesticides or hazardous waste to developing nations. The chapter analyzes the concepts of equal protection and moral heroism or supererogation. It argues that most indigenous people do not give genuine informed consent to such risks and that it is not paternalistic to protect native people. Extending and developing arguments of Peter Singer, the chapter also argues that ordinary citizens have duties (that are not heroic) to help protect innocent victims from first‐world exploitation, even though there are many economic incentives that lead nations to exploit the poor of the world.

Keywords:   citizenship, developing nations, environmental injustice, equality, hazardous materials, heroism, indigenous people, informed consent, justice, moral heroism, paternalism, responsibility, risk, Singer

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