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Environmental JusticeCreating Equity, Reclaiming Democracy$
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Kristin Shrader-Frechette

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195152036

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195152034.001.0001

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Taking Action

Taking Action

Public Responsibility for Environmental Injustice

(p.185) 9 Taking Action
Environmental Justice

Kristin Shrader‐Frechette

Oxford University Press

Using case studies focusing on biased scientific research that helps promote environmental injustice, the chapter argues that there are both deontological and utilitarian ethical reasons for citizens to behave as public‐interest and environmental advocates. These duties are to protect victims of environmental injustice. The chapter also argues that such duties are not a matter of moral heroism or supererogation, but rather normal duties of citizenship in a democracy. Analyzing constraints on public‐interest advocacy, the chapter closes by suggesting a number of ways that citizens might exercise their duties of public‐interest advocacy, particularly through work with nongovernmental organizations or N.G.O.s.

Keywords:   advocacy, citizenship, democracy, deontological ethics, developing nations, environmental injustice, moral heroism, nongovernmental organizations, responsibility, risks, utilitarian ethics, utilitarianism

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