Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Theology in StoneChurch Architecture From Byzantium to Berkeley$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Richard Kieckhefer

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195154665

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0195154665.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 November 2020

Rudolf Schwarz

Rudolf Schwarz

Modern Churches in a Modern Culture

Chapter:
(p.229) 7 Rudolf Schwarz
Source:
Theology in Stone
Author(s):

Richard Kieckhefer (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195154665.003.0008

Rudolf Schwarz: modern churches in a modern culture. In the twentieth century, religious communities often employed architects who were not grounded in the traditions for which they were building. Rudolf Schwarz, however, was a prominent Roman Catholic architect who had studied theology and was closely involved in the movement of liturgical reform. He was a friend and associate of the theologian Romano Guardini and of the architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. He worked in the years between the world wars (when modernist architecture was known for the boldness and clarity of its design) and again after World War II (when modern architecture was more widely accepted and sometimes risked falling into idiosyncracy and cliché—charges that have been raised against the famous chapel at Ronchamp, which Schwarz himself held in disdain). His churches were designed very largely as contemplative spaces, in which the congregation would have a clear sense of presence before God. They tend toward minimalism of form, but with multivalent symbolism that made for plenitude of meaning: Schwarz worked out a system of seven church plans, each of which had a richness of symbolic association, and he conceived each of his churches with specific symbolic reference. While the Roman Catholic worship had long been held in the longitudinal “Wegkirche” (pathway-church), Schwarz preferred the “Ringkirche” (ring-church) in which the congregation with the priest was gathered about the altar.

Keywords:   Romano Guardini, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Ronchamp, contemplative space, minimalism of form, multivalent symbolism, “Ringkirche”, “Wegkirche”

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .