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Making Things HappenA Theory of Causal Explanation$
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James Woodward

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195155273

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0195155270.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 15 April 2021

Causation and Manipulation

Causation and Manipulation

(p.25) 2 Causation and Manipulation
Making Things Happen

James Woodward (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Directed graphs and equations are useful devices for representing causal relationships. We may distinguish among a number of different causal concepts–direct causes, total causes, contributing causes, actual causation and each of them may be given (interestingly different characterizations) in manipulationist terms. In addition, such an account clarifies the relationship between causation and probabilities.

Keywords:   directed graphs, equations, direct cause, contributing cause, total cause, actual cause, probability

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