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Protecting the Ozone LayerScience and Strategy$
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Edward A. Parson

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195155495

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195155491.001.0001

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Industry Strategy and Technical Innovation, 1987–1992

Industry Strategy and Technical Innovation, 1987–1992

(p.173) 7 Industry Strategy and Technical Innovation, 1987–1992
Protecting the Ozone Layer

Edward A. Parson (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Examines the major changes in technology that followed the adoption of the Montreal Protocol in 1987 and the completion of the period of initial formation of the ozone protection regime. Examines the reactions of major producers and users of chlorofluorohydrocarbons (CFCs) to the challenge posed by the negotiation and adoption of the Protocol. Discusses how major CFC producers in the chemical industry revived previously abandoned efforts to commercialize less ozone‐damaging chemical alternatives to CFCs. Also examines how CFC users, many of whom faced more serious risks from CFC restrictions than the producers, responded with intense efforts to reduce their dependence on all ozone‐depleting chemicals — efforts that reduced most CFC uses much faster than had seemed possible, and directed large shares of former CFC markets away from similar chemicals entirely.

Keywords:   alternatives, CFCs, chemical industries, chlorofluorohydrocarbons, environmental protection, international agreements, markets, Montreal Protocol, ozone depletion

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