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Black Puritan, Black RepublicanThe Life and Thought of Lemuel Haynes, 1753-1833$
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John Saillant

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195157178

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195157176.001.0001

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Republicanism Black and White

Republicanism Black and White

(p.47) 2 Republicanism Black and White
Black Puritan, Black Republican

John Saillant (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

During the American Revolution and in the early national years, republican ideology was claimed by both the supporters and the critics of American slavery. For some, black men seemed to lack the civic virtue necessary to defend liberty, while the African American population at large undermined the political security of the USA insofar as conflicts between the majority white population and the minority black population seemed inevitable. The solution favored by leading republicans such as Thomas Jefferson and James Madison was colonization, the expatriation of African Americans to Africa. Sierra Leone and Liberia were settled by black people sent from North America; some migrated to Haiti. For others, like Lemuel Haynes, black men had already demonstrated their civic virtue by supporting the patriot cause in the Revolution as well as by participating in the economic and religious life of the U.S. He countered colonizationist thought with arguments for the integration of blacks and whites in the republic.

Keywords:   American Revolution, civic virtue, colonization, Haiti, integration, Jefferson, Liberia, Madison, republican ideology, Sierra Leone

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