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Black Puritan, Black RepublicanThe Life and Thought of Lemuel Haynes, 1753-1833$
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John Saillant

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195157178

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195157176.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 January 2022

The Divine Providence of Slavery and Freedom

The Divine Providence of Slavery and Freedom

(p.83) 3 The Divine Providence of Slavery and Freedom
Black Puritan, Black Republican

John Saillant (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Lemuel Haynes was schooled in the New Divinity, the Calvinist theology of the students of Jonathan Edwards. Haynes declared himself a follower of Samuel Hopkins, the leading interpreter of Edwardsean theology in the last third of the eighteenth century. Hopkins favored colonization, the expatriation of African Americans, but he also developed at length a claim that whites should exhibit disinterested benevolence in their relations with blacks. Edwardsean ethics cast disinterested benevolence as the highest moral state. Haynes argued that disinterested benevolence could unite black and white and, in fact, according to the scriptural covenant between God and Abraham, mandated the manumission of slaves and their acceptance into free society.

Keywords:   Calvinist theology, colonization, covenant, disinterested benevolence, Edwards, Edwardsean, ethics, Hopkins, manumission, New Divinity

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