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Fighting UnemploymentThe Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy$
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David Howell

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195165845

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0195165845.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 31 July 2021

 Testing the Flexibility Paradigm: Canadian Labor Market Performance in International Context

 Testing the Flexibility Paradigm: Canadian Labor Market Performance in International Context

Chapter:
(p.119) 4. Testing the Flexibility Paradigm: Canadian Labor Market Performance in International Context
Source:
Fighting Unemployment
Author(s):

Jim Stanford

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195165845.003.0004

Like most of Europe, Canada experienced high levels of unemployment from the early 1980s through the late 1990s. It responded by introducing significant labor market reforms aimed at implementing OECD-style flexibility. In chapter 4, Jim Stanford points out that based on standard indicators of flexibility, like employment shifts across sectors, geographic mobility, and the levels of part-time work and self-employment, Canada gets high scores. He argues that the real objective of Canadian reforms has not been greater labor market flexibility per se, but greater labor market discipline through deregulation He finds that it is aggregate demand conditions, not labor market institutions, which best accounts for differences in labor market performance between the United States and Canada.

Keywords:   flexibility, welfare state, labor market, regulation, deregulation, unemployment, employment, labor market institutions, unemployment benefits, wages, inequality, aggregate demand, Canada

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