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Sovereign Debt at the CrossroadsChallenges and Proposals for Resolving the Third World Debt Crisis$
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Chris Jochnick and Fraser A. Preston

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195168006

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0195168003.001.0001

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Creditor Initiatives in the 1980s and 1990s

Creditor Initiatives in the 1980s and 1990s

Sovereign Debt at the Crossroads

David Roodman

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents an overview of the sovereign-debt initiatives from the last twenty-five years. It examines the programs devised by creditors, namely the World Bank and IMF, during the 1980s and 1990s, that aimed at addressing the mounting problem of developing-country debt. The “austerity” lending of the 1980s and the structural adjustment programs of the 1990s are discussed, and the inherent failings that characterized those efforts, including reduced public investment which has led to economic stagnation, are criticized.

Keywords:   sovereign-debt initiative, creditors, IMF, World Bank, austerity lending, structural adjustment program, public investment

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