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AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty$
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Eileen Stillwaggon

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195169270

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0195169271.001.0001

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Sub-Saharan Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa

Fertile Terrain

(p.69) 4 Sub-Saharan Africa
AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

Eileen Stillwaggon (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the economic and health variables that distinguish sub-Saharan Africa from affluent countries which have lower rates of HIV. It shows the biomedical effects of economic conditions in Africa — such as poverty, inequality, lack of transport, lack of sanitary infrastructure, and lack of access to medical care — that contribute to poor health in general and consequently high rates of HIV transmission. Widespread malnutrition, malaria, schistosomiasis, and other parasitic diseases in sub-Saharan Africa contribute to higher risk of HIV transmission. This economic/biomedical conclusion implies a broad policy response for confronting HIV/AIDS in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

Keywords:   Africa, poverty, inequality, infrastructure, water, sanitation, HIV transmission, risk, development policy, medical care

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