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Michael PolanyiScientist and Philosopher$
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William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195174335

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2005

DOI: 10.1093/019517433X.001.0001

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 The Philosophy of Freedom: 1938–1947

 The Philosophy of Freedom: 1938–1947

(p.171) 7 The Philosophy of Freedom: 1938–1947
Michael Polanyi

William Taussig Scott

Martin X. Moleski (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The Second World War gave Polanyi time and incentive to write about the foundations of freedom in economics, scientific inquiry, and socio-political organization. He felt that developing a satisfactory philosophy of freedom was the greatest contribution he could make to the war effort; in 1944, he rounded out his work on Keynesian economic theories with the publication of Full Employment and Free Trade. Because of his commitment to science as a model of free but responsible inquiry, he helped John Baker found the Society for Freedom in Science, an organization that opposed socialist philosophies of science as a tool that could and should be subordinated to the interests of the state.

Keywords:   World War II, philosophy of freedom, Keynesian economics, Full Employment and Free Trade, John Baker, Society for Freedom in Science, socialist philosophies of science

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