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From Trent to Vatican IIHistorical and Theological Investigations$
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Raymond F. Bulman and Frederick J. Parrella

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195178067

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0195178068.001.0001

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The Virgin Mary

The Virgin Mary

(p.179) 10 The Virgin Mary
From Trent to Vatican II

Lawrence S. Cunningham

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the Protestant reaction against the Marian tradition of Catholicism, which was addressed by the reform of the Council of Trent. Topics discussed include the Catholic Reformation and two conspicuous events which characterized the Marian character of Catholicism in the 19th century: the definition of the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception by Pope Pius IX in 1854 and the rise of Marian apparitions and subsequent pilgrimage locations, most conspicuously at Lourdes in France.

Keywords:   Council of Trent, Blessed Virgin Mary, Protestants, Catholicism, Marian tradition, Catholic Reformation, Immaculate Conception, Marian apparitions

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