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Korea under Siege, 1876-1945Capital Formation and Economic Transformation$
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Young-Iob Chung

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195178302

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0195178300.001.0001

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 Mobilization of Savings for Investment

 Mobilization of Savings for Investment

(p.194) 7 Mobilization of Savings for Investment
Korea under Siege, 1876-1945

Young‐Iob Chung (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the mobilization of the savings/resources of both foreign and domestic sources for investment in both the public and private sectors. The foreign sources of resources/savings examined are foreign direct investment, Japanese government grants, and foreign loans, which were largely supplied by Japan, in addition to the savings of both the Japanese and Koreans in Korea. The domestic savings examined are the sources of owners' equity and loans of financial institutions, which may be traced to the savings of both Japanese and Koreans. These have increased over time partly due to the enforcement of the government savings policy. The credit policies of the financial institutions are examined, which directed the mobilized savings to certain targeted industries under the government's guidance. Other facets of mobilization of savings for investment analyzed include: Who supplied the most resources/savings for investment, and to what extent? Who were the borrowers and in what sectors? What were the terms of loans? Who financed them? These analyses may provide insight to capital formation and motives for financing investment in Korea.

Keywords:   resources, savings, Japanese government grants, foreign direct investment, foreign loans, domestic loans, credit policies, savings policy

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