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Jewish Babylonia between Persia and Roman PalestineDecoding the Literary Record$
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Richard Kalmin

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195306194

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0195306198.001.0001

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Roman Persecutions of the Jews

Roman Persecutions of the Jews

(p.19) 1 Roman Persecutions of the Jews
Jewish Babylonia between Persia and Roman Palestine

Richard Kalmin (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines ancient rabbinic accounts of Roman interference with the practice of Judaism during the first few decades of the 2nd century CE. Sources attributed to Tannaim in the Bavli are compared to those attributed to Tannaim in Palestinian compilations. It is shown that Babylonian portrayals tend to emphasize Roman prohibition of Torah study, while Palestinian portrayals do so only rarely, if at all. This will be the first of many respects in which Babylonian rabbis place greater stress on Torah study than do Palestinian rabbis, which is easily explicable according to the claim that the universe of experience of Babylonian rabbis, more so than of Palestinians, tended not to extend beyond the four walls of the study house.

Keywords:   Judaism, 2nd century, Jewish practice, Bavli, Torah, ancient rabbinic texts, Babylonian rabbis, Palestinian rabbis

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