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Jewish Babylonia between Persia and Roman PalestineDecoding the Literary Record$
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Richard Kalmin

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195306194

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0195306198.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 October 2021

Josephus in Sasanian Babylonia

Josephus in Sasanian Babylonia

(p.149) 7 Josephus in Sasanian Babylonia
Jewish Babylonia between Persia and Roman Palestine

Richard Kalmin (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter compares rabbinic and Josephan traditions about the Sadducees. It shows that traditions in the Bavli tend to be hostile toward the Sadducees, while traditions in Palestinian compilations tend to reflect a more neutral perspective. The Palestinian traditions acknowledge, or even revel in, the existence of individual Sadducees who are wicked, but these individuals are always quickly punished with death by God for their evil deeds, and the Sadducees as a group are harmless, obedient, in fact, to the rulings of the Pharisees. It is also shown that since it is a fundamental tenet of rabbinic thought that the rabbis possessed traditions that were authoritative despite their independence from scripture, the introduction into Babylonia of traditions that portray the Sadducees as accepting only scripture and rejecting traditions external to the Bible motivated these hostile Babylonian portrayals. It is argued that the Bavli's portrayal of the Sadducees as a group that accepts only scripture derives either from (1) Josephus, or (2) traditions drawn upon independently by both Josephus and the rabbis.

Keywords:   Sadducees, Bavli, rabbinic traditions, Palestinian compilation, Pharisees

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