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Gemstone of ParadiseThe Holy Grail in Wolfram's “Parzival”$
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G. Ronald Murphy

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195306392

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0195306392.001.0001

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The Crusaders' Quest

The Crusaders' Quest

The Holy Sepulcher

(p.69) 3 The Crusaders' Quest
Gemstone of Paradise

G. Ronald Murphy

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that Wolfram's two great epics, Parzival and Willehalm, are a poet's protest against the whole notion of religious crusade, and in particular against Christian-Muslim enmity. In both works he attempts to make his contemporaries realize that a Christian crusade aimed at killing Muslims in order to secure possession of Christ's grave and restore his feudal territory to him is a mistake of literalness concerning the whereabouts of the Lord Christ's rock grave and the location of his “territory.” He suggests that the literalness is a sign of profound sickness causing both suffering and ugliness among the baptized who live on Mount Salvation. In his attempt at enlightenment, Wolfram's unexpected poetic weapon is the gemstone.

Keywords:   Wolfram, Grail, Crusades, Christians, Muslims, gemstone, Parzival, Willehalm

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