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Natural Goodness - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Natural Goodness

Philippa Foot


Philippa Foot sets out a naturalistic theory of ethics, which she calls ‘natural normativity’ and which is radically opposed to the subjectivist, non‐naturalism tradition deriving from David Hume and to be found in G. E. Moore and modern theories of ethics influenced by Moore, such as emotivism and prescriptivism. Natural normativity involves a special form of evaluation that predicates goodness and defect to living things qua living things, and Foot argues that this is the form of evaluation in moral judgements. Moral evaluations thus share a conceptual structure with evaluations of the chara ... More

Keywords: emotivism, ethics, happiness, immoralism, moral judgement, morality, non‐cognitivism, normativity, practical rationality, prescriptivism, Warren Quinn, subjectivism, Michael Thompson, virtue

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2001 Print ISBN-13: 9780198235088
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003 DOI:10.1093/0198235089.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Philippa Foot, author
University of California, Los Angeles, and Honorary Fellow of Somerville College, Oxford

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