Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Providence and the Problem of Evil$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Richard Swinburne

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198237983

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198237987.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 September 2020

Natural Evil and the Scope for Response

Natural Evil and the Scope for Response

(p.160) 9 Natural Evil and the Scope for Response
Providence and the Problem of Evil

Richard Swinburne (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The ‘higher‐order goods’ defence claims that natural evils (bad states caused by processes over which humans have no control) give humans the opportunity to react to them in the right way by actions, which otherwise they would have little opportunity to perform. Humans can show courage and sympathy in response to suffering, and by doing such good actions in difficult circumstances, gradually form their characters for good. It is good too that animals should have some opportunity for heroic actions.

Keywords:   animal suffering, higher‐order goods, natural evil

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .