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Knowledge in a Social World$
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Alvin I. Goldman

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198238201

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198238207.001.0001

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(p.131) Five Argumentation
Knowledge in a Social World

Alvin I. Goldman (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Argumentation is a structured series of speech acts, and norms of good argumentation therefore differ from norms of good argument, such as deductive validity. Some norms of factual argumentation are “folk rules” of conversation (overlapping with Gricean principles), and are vindicated by their tendency to advance the cause of knowledge. Argumentative norms have the prospect of increasing knowledge not simply because conformity with them increases the probability of convincing the audience, but because conformity increases the chance of convincing the audience of truths. The veritistic approach explains why so‐called fallacies have that status, and is otherwise shown to be superior to alternative approaches to good argumentation.

Keywords:   argument, argumentation, audience, conversation, fallacies, speech act

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