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Moral ThinkingIts Levels, Method, and Point$
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R. M. Hare

Print publication date: 1981

Print ISBN-13: 9780198246602

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198246609.001.0001

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(p.107) 6 Universalization
Moral Thinking

R. M. Hare

Oxford University Press

By referring to prescriptions that are expressions of motivational states or preferences in language, we are better able to display the logical relations between them. All prescriptions, universal and singular, have to be made in cognizance of the facts if they are to be rational. Moral judgements are universalizable only in the sense that they entail identical judgements about all cases identical in their universal properties. Universalizability can be demonstrated in the sense that it is possible to make the progression from prescriptions that I accept for my own experiences to prescriptions that I must accept for experiences I should have, were I to be in someone else's position with his preferences.

Keywords:   morality, prescriptions, universalizability, universalization

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