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Responsibility and Atonement$
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Richard Swinburne

Print publication date: 1989

Print ISBN-13: 9780198248491

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198248490.001.0001

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(p.148) 10 Redemption
Responsibility and Atonement

Richard Swinburne (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Each human owes atonement to God for his own sins, and owes it to his fellow humans to help them to make atonement to God for their sins. Only an individual sinner can repent and make apology, but others can provide him with the means to make reparation (and penance) (the two other parts of atonement). Jesus Christ, who, being God, owed nothing to God, provided his life and death as something that we can offer to God as our reparation (and penance) for our own sins and those of our fellows. This model of atonement, tantamount to the ‘satisfaction’ model of Anselm (as qualified by Aquinas) and the to the biblical model of ‘sacrifice’, is the most satisfactory of the traditional theological models of the Atonement.

Keywords:   Anselm, Aquinas, Atonement, Jesus Christ, God, sacrifice, the Atonement

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