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Responsibility and Atonement$
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Richard Swinburne

Print publication date: 1989

Print ISBN-13: 9780198248491

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198248490.001.0001

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Heaven and Hell

Heaven and Hell

(p.179) 12 Heaven and Hell
Responsibility and Atonement

Richard Swinburne (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter is concerned with the fates in the afterlife (traditionally called Heaven, Hell, Purgatory, and Limbo) that a good God would allocate to different humans. The totally corrupt have freely chosen to become so, and it would be an unwarranted imposition for God to give them any other character; hence, if God keeps them alive, their happiness can consist only in low‐level enjoyment. God will give to the sanctified (in company with each other) the (un‐merited) Beatific Vision of himself; and good pagans are to be included in this group. God may award (temporarily or permanently) intermediate fates to those with characters not fully formed.

Keywords:   afterlife, Aquinas, Augustine, Beatific Vision, Heaven, Hell, Limbo, merit, Purgatory

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