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Nietzsche and Metaphysics$
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Peter Poellner

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198250630

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198250630.001.0001

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(p.29) 2 Scepticism
Nietzsche and Metaphysics

Peter Poellner (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Presents Nietzsche's critical reflections directed at traditional metaphysical categories such as the external world, substance, causation, and self. Targeted theories include the doctrine of substance qua substratum for properties; the Lockean ontology of powers inherent in external objects; the construal of the self as either mental substance or transcendental subjects; atomism; and the belief in the explanatory powers of Newtonian force. It is argued that there is a pervasive general line of scepticism in Nietzsche's later thought concerning the possibility of knowledge as rationally justified true belief. The chapter concludes with a defence of Nietzsche's general scepticism against a variety of countervailing arguments.

Keywords:   atomism, causation, external world, force, justified true belief, scepticism, self, substance

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