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The Historical Christ and the Jesus of FaithThe Incarnational Narrative as History$
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C. Stephen Evans

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198263975

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/019826397X.001.0001

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Critical History and the Supernatural

Critical History and the Supernatural

(p.170) 8 Critical History and the Supernatural
The Historical Christ and the Jesus of Faith

C. Stephen Evans (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

A variation on the epistemological objection to special acts of God (miracles) investigated in the previous chapter is the claim that such acts cannot be recognized by anyone who is committed to critical, historical investigation. This kind of argument, which rests on the nature of historical knowledge and critical historical method, is considered in this chapter. If the incarnational narrative necessarily includes such divine actions, then the argument claims that we cannot have historical knowledge of it. The different sections of the chapter are: rationalism about religious knowledge; can the rationalist conception of religious knowledge be defended?; Hans Frei and the character of the biblical narrative; the assumptions of the ‘critical historian’; Troeltsch’s principles of correlation and analogy; and the sociology of knowledge and appeals to authority.

Keywords:   acts of God, critical historical objections, critical history, epistemological objections, Frei, incarnational narrative, miracles, rationalism, religious knowledge, sociology, Troeltsch' principles

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