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Biblical Interpretation in Ancient Israel$
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Michael Fishbane

Print publication date: 1988

Print ISBN-13: 9780198266990

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198266995.001.0001

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The Mantological Exegesis of Oracles

The Mantological Exegesis of Oracles

(p.458) 17 The Mantological Exegesis of Oracles
Biblical Interpretation in Ancient Israel

Michael Fishbane (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Deals with the mantological exegesis of oracles (or prophecies) in ancient Israel. A method is presented for the isolation of these exegetical traditions; as in early chapters, central is the recognition of technical terms and of close comparison of parallel material. The analyses break down into two broad categories: the first of these treats the phenomenon of non‐transformative exegesis, where the language of the oracle is explicated or clarified, and hidden codes revealed; the second deals with transformative exegesis, where the terms or meaning of the oracle is re‐adapted, reapplied, or revised—all in accord with new understandings of the proper intent and purpose of the oracle. Thus, vague or imprecise predictions are specified for new times (like the ongoing revisions of Jeremiah's 70‐year oracle), and earlier material are reused in new theological ways (like the way early material in the book of Isaiah is reused in the later strata).

Keywords:   decoding, oracles, predictions, reapplication, re‐specification

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